LEASES (ASC TOPIC 842)

Navigating the Lease Accounting Standard, ASC Topic 842

On Feb. 25, 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-02 Leases (Topic 842), a new standard that will govern the accounting for lease contracts. To affect these changes, this ASU, along with several related ASUs issued subsequently, amends the existing FASB Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) and creates a new Topic 842, Leases.

When ASC Topic 842 is Effective – At a Glance

In the U.S., the standard is effective for private companies for fiscal years beginning after Dec. 15, 2021, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after Dec. 15, 2022. For public business entities, certain not-for-profit entities and employee benefit plans that file financial statements with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, the standard became effective for fiscal years beginning after Dec. 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Public not-for-profit organizations that had not yet issued (or made available to issue) financial statements reflecting the new lease accounting guidance were able to apply the standard for fiscal years beginning after Dec. 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years.

PBEs, Certain Not-for-Profit Entities, Employee Benefit Plans that file with SEC
Fiscal years beginning after Dec. 15, 2018
Public Not-for-Profit Organizations that Had Not Yet Issued Financial Statements
Fiscal Years after Dec. 15, 2019
Private Companies
Fiscal years beginning after Dec. 15, 2021
Interim Periods
Fiscal years beginning after Dec. 15, 2022
How ASC 842 Differs from ASC 840

The new lease standard replaces existing lease guidance included in ASC Topic 840, Leases. The key difference between existing guidance under ASC Topic 840 and the new guidance under ASC Topic 842 is the requirement for lessees to recognize on their balance sheet all lease contracts with lease terms greater than 12 months, including operating leases. Specifically, lessees are required to recognize on their balance sheet at lease commencement, both:

  • A right-of-use (ROU) asset, representing the lessee’s right to use the leased asset over the term of the lease; and,
  • A lease liability, representing the lessee’s contractual obligation to make lease payments over the lease term.

The new lease standard also requires lessees to classify leases as either operating or finance leases, which are similar to the operating and capital lease classifications under ASC Topic 840. However, the distinction between these two classifications under the new standard does not relate to balance sheet treatment but instead relates to treatment and recognition in the statements of income and cash flows.

Lessor accounting is largely unchanged from current U.S. GAAP, with the exception of some revisions made to ensure consistency with revised lessee guidance and with FASB ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers.

How DHG Can Help

Implementation of the new lease accounting standard may require more robust systems and controls in place to identify embedded leases, which is more consequential now that leases are to be recognized on the balance sheet. DHG is ready to assist you with developing and executing an implementation plan for the new standard, addressing any operational challenges you may face in the process.

DHG brings industry best practices and a collaborative approach to supporting management teams in their adoption of ASC 842. We are well positioned to help companies with a variety of objectives regarding the new lease standard including the following*:

Identify
Services around lease identification
  • Lease Compilation
  • Embedded Lease Workshops
  • Embedded Lease Analysis
  • Lease Population Reconciliation
  • Future State Process Design for Lease Identification
Classify
Services around lease classification
  • Lease Classification
  • Embedded Lease Classification
  • Lease Classification Process and Template Design
Analyze
Services around lease review & contracts
  • Key Data Elements Identification
  • Lease Accounting Template Population
  • Lease Accounting Policy Refresh
  • Lease Software Vendor Solution
  • RPA Lease Extraction
Quantify
Services around lease calculations
  • Lease Accounting Calculations
  • ASC 842 Adoption Whitepaper
  • Disclosure Preparation
  • Lease Rollforwards
  • Technical Accounting Advice

*For discussion purposes only to illustrate how DHG can assist with the ASC 842 implementation process. Actual services delivered would follow independence rules.

FEATURED TECHNOLOGY RELATIONSHIPS

  • LeaseQuery
  • Visual Lease

KNOWLEDGE SHARE

Publication
Lease Accounting: Reassessments and Remeasurements
Publication
Accounting for Lease Modifications Resulting from COVID-19
Podcast
GrowthCast Episode 20: Lease Concession Considerations