On Feb. 25, 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-02 Leases (Topic 842), a new standard that will govern the accounting for lease contracts. To affect these changes, this ASU, along with several related ASUs issued subsequently, amends the existing FASB Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) and creates a new Topic 842, Leases.
In the U.S., the standard is effective for private companies for fiscal years beginning after Dec. 15, 2020, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after Dec. 15, 2021. For public business entities, certain not-for-profit entities and employee benefit plans that file financial statements with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, the standard became effective for fiscal years beginning after Dec. 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years.
The new lease standard replaces existing lease guidance included in ASC Topic 840, Leases. The key difference between existing guidance under ASC Topic 840 and the new guidance under ASC Topic 842 is the requirement for lessees to recognize on their balance sheet all lease contracts with lease terms greater than 12 months, including operating leases. Specifically, lessees are required to recognize on their balance sheet at lease commencement, both:
The new lease standard also requires lessees to classify leases as either operating or finance leases, which are similar to the operating and capital lease classifications under ASC Topic 840. However, the distinction between these two classifications under the new standard does not relate to balance sheet treatment but instead relates to treatment and recognition in the statements of income and cash flows.
Lessor accounting is largely unchanged from current U.S. GAAP, with the exception of some revisions made to ensure consistency with revised lessee guidance and with FASB ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers.
Implementation of the new lease accounting standard may require more robust systems and controls in place to identify embedded leases, which is more consequential now that leases are to be recognized on the balance sheet. DHG is ready to assist you with developing and executing an implementation plan for the new standard, addressing any operational challenges you may face in the process.
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Leases: The New Standard